Global Heath Archives - Page 2 of 3 - Crime Clean AZ Global Heath Archives - Page 2 of 3 - Crime Clean AZ

Category Archives: "Global Heath"

What is a Blood borne Pathogen?
What is a Blood borne Pathogen? Exposures to blood and other body fluids occur across a wide variety of occupations. Health care workers, emergency response and public safety personnel, and other workers can be exposed to blood through needle-stick and other sharps injuries, mucous membrane, and skin exposures. The pathogens of primary concern are the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), and hepatitis C virus (HCV). Workers and employers are urged to take advantage of available engineering controls...

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Antibiotic Resistance Part 2
Are you aware of antibiotic resistance? Do you know what it is? Did you know? 80% of all antibiotic use in the United States are given to poultry and other livestock 29.9 Million pounds are used to give to livestock 7.7 million pounds are used to treat sick people The Poultry Case Study Americans today eat three times as much poultry as they did in 1960. Since most U.S. chickens are raised in large, crowded facilities, farmers feed them antibiotics to prevent disease as well...

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Antibiotic Resistance Part 1
In this month’s National Geographic, I came across a fascinating article about antibiotic resistance. The recent scare in California of a bacteria, spread in hospitals through a special type of scope used in the pancreas and bile ducts, is raising awareness. CRE is not only spread through medical devices, but through wounds and stool. The chronic overuse of antibiotics for every sniffle, bacterial or not, is to blame for the resistance of bacteria to antibiotics. Patients with weak immune systems,...

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The History of Measles – Straight from the CDC
The Pre-Vaccine Era The history of measles dates back to the 9th century when a Persian doctor published one of the first written accounts of measles disease. Francis Home, a Scottish physician, demonstrated in 1757 that measles is caused by an infectious agent in the blood of patients. In 1912, measles became a nationally notifiable disease in the United States, requiring U.S. healthcare providers and laboratories to report all diagnosed cases. In the first decade of reporting, an average of 6,000...

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Ebola – Part III
Working with Deadly Pathogens Because Ebola is highly contagious, health care workers in the U.S. wear protective equipment (Personal Protective Equipment-PPE) to prevent transmission.  Items worn include: Mask: Prevents infectious agents from getting into mucus membranes inside the mouth nose or eyes. Gloves: Keep broken skin from contact with infectious fluids r needle sticks.  workers often wear two pairs in case one breaks. Full-body protective suit: Usually made of a fluid and air resistant, woven plastic fiber.  Suit prevents exposure to body fluids,...

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Ebola Effects on Humans – Part II
Ebola's effects on humans Ebola can be spread to humans only after symptoms have begun. Symptoms can appear from two to 21 days after exposure. Day 5-9: Fatigue, headache, fever and chills Day 10: High fever, vomiting blood, rash, passive behavior Day 11: Bleeding from the nose, mouth, eyes, and anus Day 12: Seizures, internal bleeding, loss of consciousness, death

Ebola – Do We Really Need to Worry? Part I
How does Ebola spread to humans?  Good question to ponder.  Ebola is introduced into the human population through close contact with blood, secretions, organs or other bodily fluids of infected animals.  In Africa, infection has been documented through the handling of infected fruit bats, monkeys, chimpanzees, gorillas, forest antelope, and porcupines found ill or dead in the rainforest.  There is a huge trade in "bush meat" in these African countries that have outbreaks. Fruit bats are the likely natural host...

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First Ebola, Now Marburg. What are the Chances?
Marburg, a virus similar to Ebola, has hit the radar in the African country of Uganda, raising concerns about another deadly outbreak. With two lethal viruses threatening public health, many are questioning why these contagions seem to be flaring up more often — and more important, what we can do to avoid them in the future. The current Ebola outbreak originated in West Africa and has killed more than 3,800 people, more than all other past outbreaks combined. The first Marburg death...

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Bubonic Plaguer: The 411-First and second recorded Outbreaks-Part 4
The first recorded outbreak: The first recorded epidemic ravaged the Byzantine Empire during the sixth century, and was named the Plague of Justinian after emperor Justinian I, who was infected but survived through extensive treatment.  The epidemic is estimated to have killed approximately 50 million people in the Roman Empire alone. The historian Procopius wrote, in Volume II of History of the Wars, his encounter with the plague and the effect it had on the rising empire. In the spring...

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Bubonic Plague: The 411 How is it Treated? Part 3
Several classes of antibiotics are effective in treating bubonic plague. These include aminoglycosides such as streptomycin and gentamicin, tetracyclines (especially doxycycline), and the fluoroquinolone ciprofloxacin. Mortality associated with treated cases of bubonic plague is about 1–15%, compared to a mortality of 40–60% in untreated cases. People potentially infected with the plague need immediate treatment and should be given antibiotics within 24 hours of the first symptoms to prevent death. Other treatments include oxygen, intravenous fluids, and respiratory support. People who...

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